for piano and stereophonic brass band — 1985
The idea I had for the opening of this piece was that of dropping the gramophone stylus (remember those?) onto a record of a piano concerto just before the climax of the cadenza, so the piano bursts in, fortissimo. Then I thought of piano and brass, which inevitably triggered thoughts of Xenakis’s extraordinary Eonta — although my piece, equally inevitably, turned out to be very different from that. This naturally, given my previous association, led on to the idea of writing something for the Grimethorpe Colliery Band with solo piano, which Elgar Howarth encouraged me to do.
Conceptually, Double Entendre is very simple. Leaving out the percussion — which this piece does — the standard brass band can be divided into two identical ten-piece groups (4 cornets and 1 each of tenor horn, baritone horn, euphonium, tenor trombone, E flat bass and BB flat bass), leaving just four instruments over (soprano cornet, flugelhorn, bass trombone and the third tenor horn). The two larger groups are to be placed as far apart as possible, with the small group gathered round the piano, which has the lid removed, in the centre (at certain points, members of this group are instructed to blow into the piano). The band is described as ‘stereophonic’ because the sound is made to move between the side groups by means of dynamics, with less emphasis on antiphony (although there is some of that too).
Formally the piece is equally simple, and makes very strict use of my own version of serial technique. There are four fast sections, alternating with three slow sections at half the tempo of the fast sections. Broadly, the final section is a retrograde inversion of the first, but compressed in time and with the piano and band swapping roles; the inner two fast sections have a similar relationship (repeated notes in the piano become flutter-tongue in the brass). What happens in the three slow sections is less transparent, but again there are strict processes at work. It lasts between ten and twelve minutes depending on how fast the players dare take it — my MIDI recording (below) lasts eleven minutes.
The best performance this piece has had — mainly because the students had six months to rehearse it — was the première (see below), the recording of which was lost. The Visions of Paradise performance was somewhat ill-fated, as part of the band’s rehearsals in Yorkshire were cancelled due to snow, so the results were less than perfect (it was after this performance that Elgar Howarth urged me to ‘write some minims!’).
- Left and Right groups:
- 4 cornets in B flat
- tenor horn in E flat
- baritone horn in B flat
- euphonium in B flat
- tenor trombone
- bass in E flat
- bass in BB flat
- Centre group:
- soprano cornet in E flat
- flugelhorn in B flat
- tenor horn in E flat
- bass trombone
- solo piano
Performances / broadcasts / recordings
- Première: 1990, Royal Academy of Music: Andrew Ball (piano), RAM brass students, conductor Harold Nash
- February 1995, Visions of Paradise festival for Sir Michael Tippett’s 90th birthday, Barbican Centre, London, programme arranged by the London Sinfonietta: Andrew Ball (piano), Grimethorpe Colliery Band, conductor Elgar Howarth
- 1995, Royal Northern College of Music: Richard Casey (piano), RNCM brass students, conductor Chris Houlding
Listen to MIDI version (11:00)
This a computer-generated mockup of music for ‘real’ instruments. Clearly it is no substitute for a live performance, but it’s all I’ve got — or perhaps all I can make public for various reasons. There’s a fuller disclaimer on the Listen page.
- Sequencer: MOTU Digital Performer (Mac)
- Left, right and centre groups mixed down to separate stereo audio tracks, then mixed with piano (with MOTU MasterWorks EQ applied) to the final stereo mix, with very gentle application of MOTU MasterWorks Limiter; reverb is MOTU ProVerb.
- All open brass: Garritan Concert & Marching Band (host: ARIA Player)
- Muted & flutter tongue cornets & trombones: trumpets & trombones from Garritan Jazz & Big Band (host: ARIA Player)
- Muted horns & basses: Garritan Personal Orchestra (host: ARIA Player)
- All flutter tongue horns & basses: tuba from Garritan Jazz & Big Band (host: ARIA Player)
- Piano: Modartt Pianoteq 4
- Score: MakeMusic Finale
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